最近有許多學生反應英文裡有一組特別容易混淆的字,若想要表達另一個的時候,不知道該選"another", "the other", "other", others", 或是"the others",究竟這幾個字的差異在哪裡呢

 

● Another : 指「另一個」事物的意思,但沒有限定哪一個,可當名詞或形容詞用。

例句:I’m still hungry. I want to order another meal.

There are 3 plates one the table. One is blue, another is black, and the other is orange.

 

(P.s.)後面亦可接複數名詞,代表「額外的」。

例句:It looks like we have to wait another 2 weeks for the room to be repaired.

The new refrigerator won’t be deliver for another 3 days.

 

● The other : 指「剩下的那一個」,有限定的意思在。

例句:Mary has two brothers, one is younger, and the other is older.

There are two girls in the calssroom, one is wearing a blue T-shirt, and the other one is wearing a jacket.

 

● Other : 指「其他的、剩下的」,此單字為形容詞,非名詞。

例句:She has other things to do in the evening.

Do you have other ways to solve this question?

 

● Others : 意思如同Other + N.,詞性為名詞,沒有限定任何事物。

例句:Some people like tomato; others like potato.

People should learn by the mistakes of others.

 

● The others : 指「其他、剩下的人事物」

例句:Some of my friends play basketball; the others only watch basketball games on TV.

I think this cup looks a lot better and nicer than the others in the store.

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